Effects of Substance Abuse on the Body
The effects of substance abuse on the body are numerous and often dangerous. Drug addiction and alcoholism are progressive, chronic, and fatal if left untreated. Depending on the type of drugs and the amount of use can cause different types of harmful damage. Some damage may last for years or can be permanent and sometimes result in death. Substance abuse has been increasing over the years and therefore more and more people are causing damage to their bodies. Below is a brief overview of how the different types of drugs affect the body. While this is not a complete list of the effects of substance abuse on the body, it describes what happens once you start abusing the most common dangerous drugs.
Effects of Dangerous Drugs in the Body
- Alcohol – Alcohol is the easiest drug to find since it is legal here in the states. It is widely available to anyone over 21. Alcohol abuse and drinking in excess and over a long period of time can cause damage to the liver, brain, heart, pancreas, and possibly certain types of cancer. Cirrhosis, or fatty liver, is a common thing amongst alcoholics and can include symptoms such as yellowing of the eyes as well as loss of appetite and bruise easily. Although it can take years for these symptoms to appear, there are several alcohol abusers who die at an early age due to their drinking. It is a difficult disease to conquer but those that are able to stop drinking improve their chances for a healthy life.
- Crystal Meth – Meth is probably one of the most dangerous and damaging drugs and is highly addictive. The effects of this drug can cause hallucinations, permanent brain damage, paranoia, tooth decay and many other things. Using meth also increases the chance of contracting a disease such as HIV and Hepatitis B and C. The high they feel from using keeps them wanting more and more. Meth addiction causes a surge of dopamine in the brain and gives users a wonderful feeling. Over time the addict needs more and more to obtain the high they get from the drug. Meth is made from household products and can be easily made but is extremely dangerous. If a meth addict wants to quit there are several things they need to know. If they are going to do it on their own and without a rehabilitation center. The withdrawal symptoms alone are horrible. They can expect nausea, vomiting, chills, sweating, and pain. It depends on how much and how long they used meth for but the detox can take between 2-10 days. Seeking a Doctors opinion to get help is highly advised.
- Cocaine – Cocaine abuse causes an energetic and high feeling upon use. It causes loss of appetite and the loss of the need for sleep. Depending on the amount used and over the period of time used the side effects can cause permanent damage especially to the cardiovascular system. Long-term use can result in death and heart attacks. The high does not last long and therefore people are more liable to use more and more to achieve the high feeling. It is a highly addictive drug. Like alcohol and Crystal Meth seeking treatment or getting some sort of support is the best possible way to kick this addiction.
- Heroin – Some people report that using heroin produces a feeling of happiness and mellowness. Over time it takes more and more to produce this feeling making it a very costly drug to become addicted to. The effects on the body can be from anything from stomach cramps and liver disease to coma and possible death. The use of this heroin also increases the chances for contracting HIV and Hepatitis. However, there are medications to help quit this drug. Methadone is the most popular. Unlike the popular belief that one becomes instantly addicted this is not the case. It takes time to become addicted. Treatment is often needed for those who want to quit.
About Long Island Interventions
We’ve helped countless individuals and families that are affected by drug addiction and alcoholism across the New York area. Many people who develop a substance use disorder find it very difficult to stop using without professional help. If you or someone you know is looking for a detox, drug rehab, intervention, or outpatient drug rehab, our interventionists can help you or your loved get started.